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Catalogue »  Plantae »  Tracheophyta »  Liliopsida »  Asparagales »  Orchidaceae »  Neottia »  Neottia nidus-avis (L.) Rich.

Species:  Neottia nidus-avis (L.) Rich.
Bird's Nest Orchid

 
Overview
Observations (24)
Phenogram
References: 3/3 (2/2)
Distribution
Map
 


KingdomPlantae PhylumTracheophyta
ClassLiliopsida OrderAsparagales
FamilyOrchidaceae GenusNeottia
SpeciesNeottia nidus-avis (L.) Rich.
 Bird's Nest Orchid
  11.05.2018 20:09:50 Nadiya Sytschak
 plantarium.ru:  Neottia nidus-avis
Distribution
Albania, Algeria, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Moldova, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom
Europe eastwards to the Caucasus and western Siberia and southwards to northwest Africa. In Europe, the species is found in Scandinavia and Finland and south to the Mediterranean including Italy, Greece, Corsica, Sicily and Sardinia and the Balearic Islands, and eastwards to Crimea and the Caucasus; it is mainly restricted to the mountains in the south of the range and absent from the Mediterranean lowland. The species can be found from 100 m up to 2,000 m altitude (Bournérias and Prat 2005, Delforge 1995, GIROS 2009, Harrap and Harrap 2009, Lang 2004, Pignatti 1982, Rossi 2002, The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew 2010, Vakhrameeva et al. 2008).

This chlorophyll-less orchid is in symbiosis with Rhizoctonia fungus which enables it to obtain nutrition (Gardes 2002). The fungus/orchid combination is effectively a perennial saprophyte feeding on decomposing leaf litter, or possibly the mycorrhiza may be shared with nearby tree species. The plants do not appear every year. It grows in woodlands, often on basic soil, under shade in deep leaf litter in beech, hazel and pine forests. The species prefers chalk and limestone soils and also grows in clays and sands that have a chalky or limestone component. Shady deciduous and mixed forests, rarely pine forests, mainly in plots with scattered grassy coverage, tolerates heavy shade. Flowers from May to July (Bournérias and Prat 2005, Delforge 1995, GIROS 2009, Harrap and Harrap 2009, Lang 2004, Pignatti 1982, Rossi 2002, Vakhrameeva et al. 2008, Tymchenko et al. 2009).

Near Threatened in Norway (Artsdatabanken 2010) and the United Kingdom (Cheffings and Farrell 2005).
Least Concern in Czech Republic (Rare - Holub and Procházka 2000), Denmark (NERI 2007), France (UICN France et al. 2010), Germany (Ludwig and Schnittler 1996), Hungary (protected but not rare - Király 2007), Luxembourg (Colling 2005) and Switzerland (Moser et al. 2002).
Not Evaluated in Ukraine (Red Book of Ukraine 2009)

(Rankou et al. 2014)
GBIF.org (5th February 2018) GBIF Occurrence Download https://doi.org/10.15468/dl.jyzo16
  IUCN status: Least Concern (LC)
Rhizome 1.5-4.2 cm, horizontal. Stem 10-52 cm, solid, with 0.1-0.3 mm hairs, glanduliferous, patents.
Leaves 3-6 reduced to scales, sheathing, obtuse, glabrous; sometimes prolonged superiors in a non-inking area,
laminar, acute, up to 5 cm long. Inflorescence 7-22 cm, with 15-70 pedicelled flowers, the lower ones very spaced;
bract of the basal flower 8,8-23 × 2-3 mm, generally longer than the adjacent flower, lanceolate, acute, glabrous.
Sepals 6-7 × 2-2.5 mm, broadly lanceolate, obtuse, somewhat cucullate, with some glanduliferous hairs at the base of the
outer face, of a light chestnut. Lateral petals 5-5.5 × 2 mm, ± spatulate, obtuse, glabrous, of a light chestnut; lip 9-
11 × 5 mm, longer than the sepals, with a nectary area slightly excavated in the proximal part, with some hairs
glanduliferous at the base of the outer face, of a light chestnut. Ginostemo 1-1,5 mm, ± cylindrical, erect, glabrous. Antera 1-1,5
mm, ovoid, obtuse. Ovary 7-8 mm long, with glanduliferous hairs. Fruit 10-11 × 5-6 mm, with 6 ribs. Seeds 0.6-
0.8 × 0.1 mm. Chromosome number: 2n = 36 *; n = 18 * (Aedo 2005). Translation from Spanish by Nikolai Yunakov
Rank Taxa
Genus «« Neottia     0 (4)
Species     Neottia nidus-avis (L.) Rich. 1 291 33 3 (0)
Nested Taxa

Experts: Nadiya Sytschak: Plantae · Natalya Saidakhmedova: Plantae · Tatjana Sova: Plantae · marina_golivets: Plantae · marina_golivets: Plantae

  Query time: 0.071 / 0.071 sec.
 

Stage:   Sex:   Reliability:  
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Neottia nidus-avis - Bird's Nest ...
 
RZh

  15.05.2018 11:32:57
15.05.2018 23:05:35    #69895
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Новоставське лісництво
15.05.2018
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RZh

  15.05.2018 11:32:28
15.05.2018 23:05:35    #69896
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Новоставське лісництво
15.05.2018
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Vertograd

  07.04.2018 16:28:44
08.04.2018 12:06:43    #63964
20180407_1628450.jpg
Views: 8

Kozakova dolyna landscape reserve
07.04.2018
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Rostyslav Yurechko

  17.11.2017 11:51:24
06.01.2018 11:21:31    #57857
ясенівці1.JPG
Views: 26

село Ясенівці
17.11.2017
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Rostyslav Yurechko

  13.11.2017 13:42:34
04.02.2018 20:51:27    #59288
13.11.12_(1).JPG
Views: 23

село Червоне
13.11.2017
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Rostyslav Yurechko

  13.11.2017 13:41:53
04.02.2018 20:52:08    #59291
13.11.12_(7).JPG
Views: 29

село Червоне
13.11.2017
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Rostyslav Yurechko

  13.11.2017 13:29:51
04.02.2018 20:52:06    #59290
13.11.12_(6).JPG
Views: 25

село Червоне
13.11.2017
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Neottia nidus-avis - Bird's Nest ...
 
Rostyslav Yurechko

  13.11.2017 13:29:44
04.02.2018 20:52:04    #59289
13.11.12_(5).JPG
Views: 30

село Червоне
13.11.2017
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Rostyslav Yurechko

  09.10.2017 10:29:27
02.01.2018 17:01:37    #57674
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Views: 15

село Трудовач
09.10.2017
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  09.10.2017 10:29:21
02.01.2018 17:01:23    #57673
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Views: 15

село Трудовач
09.10.2017
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Neottia nidus-avis - Bird's Nest ...
 
Rostyslav Yurechko

  26.09.2017 12:12:16
01.01.2018 08:16:03    #57491
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Views: 19

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26.09.2017
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Rostyslav Yurechko

  20.09.2017 11:33:21
31.12.2017 11:45:15    #57446
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Views: 22

село Жуличі, Жулицька гора
20.09.2017
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  15.07.2017 14:26:51
20.10.2017 20:40:32    #47156
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Views: 34

Ai-Petrinskaya Yaila Mt. Range
15.07.2017
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  15.07.2017 14:26:33
20.10.2017 20:40:30    #47155
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Views: 35

Ai-Petrinskaya Yaila Mt. Range
15.07.2017
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NZS

  02.07.2017 15:42:10
02.12.2017 09:19:09    #55025
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Views: 23

м. Вижниця
02.07.2017
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Rostyslav Yurechko

  12.06.2017 10:34:16
10.09.2017 14:28:32    #45077
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12.06.2017
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Rostyslav Yurechko

  06.06.2017 10:36:35
10.09.2017 14:26:06    #45076
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Views: 25

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06.06.2017
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Rostyslav Yurechko

  31.05.2017 12:59:03
10.09.2017 14:07:11    #45072
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Views: 23

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31.05.2017
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Rostyslav Yurechko

  31.05.2017 12:48:32
10.09.2017 14:07:13    #45073
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31.05.2017
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Rostyslav Yurechko

  10.05.2017 14:18:45
10.09.2017 14:30:48    #45078
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10.05.2017
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Rostyslav Yurechko

  13.03.2017 15:33:37
10.09.2017 14:18:49    #45075
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Село Копані
13.03.2017
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Rostyslav Yurechko

  13.03.2017 15:32:00
10.09.2017 14:18:47    #45074
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13.03.2017
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NZS

  18.03.2016 12:50:51
29.11.2017 07:23:39    #54441
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с. Кам'яна
18.03.2016
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Rostyslav Yurechko

  07.12.2014 01:31:11
10.09.2017 14:34:35    #45079
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Views: 23

село Залужжя
15.06.2015
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Nikolai Yunakov

  16.05.2012 15:47:11
27.06.2017 19:25:45    #38440
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Views: 66
Comments: 2
Kubalach Mt.R., Ayulu-Kaya Mt.
16.05.2012
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NZS

  06.06.2011 14:51:27
19.11.2017 20:53:52    #51935
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Views: 83
Comments: 2
смт Берегомет
06.06.2011
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NZS

  21.06.2009 15:48:32
16.11.2017 20:59:59    #50838
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Views: 22

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21.06.2009
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Ruslan Gleb

  25.05.2009 10:51:22
03.08.2017 21:17:59    #42065
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Views: 34

Marmarosh Mt. Beech forest, river...
25.05.2009
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NZS

  26.10.2008 13:41:38
06.11.2017 13:35:39    #49086
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Views: 21

с. Шипинці
26.10.2008
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Neottia nidus-avis - Bird's Nest ...
 
NZS

  17.08.2008 19:31:22
27.08.2017 19:08:50    #44325
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с. Шипинці
17.08.2008
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19.05.2018 18:14:59    #70729
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Ivano-Frankove
03.04.2018
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19.05.2018 18:14:59    #70728
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Ivano-Frankove
03.04.2018
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Eugene Rudenko

  
15.08.2017 16:37:19    #43149
20708018_1748761498755013_4229427...
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1.6 km N Kamenka
15.07.2017
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