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Catalogue »  Plantae »  Tracheophyta »  Magnoliopsida »  Sapindales »  Sapindaceae »  Acer »  Acer pseudoplatanus L.

Species:  Acer pseudoplatanus L.
sycamore maple

 
Overview
Observations (18)
Phenogram
References
Distribution
Map
 


Acer villosum C.Presl
Acer montanum Garsault
Acer quinquelobum Gilib.
Acer atropurpureum hort. ex Dippel
Acer erythrocarpum hort. ex Dippel
Acer euchlorum hort. ex Dippel
Acer purpureum hort. ex Dippel
Acer rafinesquianum hort. ex Dippel
Acer worleei hort. ex Dippel
Acer leopoldii hort. ex K.Koch
Acer dittrichii Opiz
Acer melliodorum Opiz
Acer majus S.F.Gray
Acer procerum Salisb.
Acer ramosum Schwerin
Acer opulifolium Thuill. ex Loud.
Acer nebrodense Tineo ex Pax

KingdomPlantae PhylumTracheophyta
ClassMagnoliopsida OrderSapindales
FamilySapindaceae GenusAcer
SpeciesAcer pseudoplatanus L.
 sycamore maple
  12.12.2018 13:39:22 Nadiya Sytschak Надія Сичак
 plantarium.ru:  Acer pseudoplatanus
Distribution
Afghanistan, Argentina (introduced), Australia (introduced), Austria, Belarus (introduced), Belgium (introduced), Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria (introduced), Canada (introduced), Chile (introduced), Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark (introduced), Estonia (introduced), Faroe Islands (introduced), Finland (introduced), France, Germany, Gibraltar (introduced), Greece, Hungary, Iceland (introduced), India (introduced), Ireland (introduced), Italy, Latvia (introduced), Liechtenstein (introduced), Lithuania (introduced), Luxembourg (introduced), Macedonia, Malta (introduced), Moldova, Monaco, Netherlands (introduced), New Zealand (introduced), Norway (introduced), Poland, Portugal (introduced), Romania, Russia (introduced), San Marino, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden (introduced), Switzerland, Syria (introduced), Turkey (introduced), U.S.A. (introduced), Ukraine, United Kingdom (introduced)
The native distribution of A. pseudoplatanus is wide, encompassing most of central and southern Europe between 51°N and 35°N. Native range areas include Germany (Harz Mountains), Russia (Caucasus), Spain (Pyrenees), southern and central France, the Swiss Alps, Italy, Bosnia, northern Greece and the Carpathian mountains in Poland, Slovakia, Romania and Ukraine. It is not native to the UK, Ireland, Belgium, Netherlands, northwest France, northern Germany and Scandinavia. All specimens of A. pseudoplatanus recorded from eastern Anatolia, Turkey have proved to be A. heldreichii subsp. trautvetteri. An incorrect record for Tanzania in a previous edition has been deleted.
  IUCN status: Least Concern (LC)
Acer pseudoplatanus is a large tree with a straight trunk and erect branches forming a spreading, often irregular crown commonly broader than tall, with massive low branches. On more suitable sites the crown may be very tall and less broad. Average height when mature is 30-35 m, although it may exceed 40 m; average dbh at maturity is 60-80 cm, although it may exceed 150 cm. The stem is straight and cylindrical. The root system is much-branched, providing stability for the tree in high winds, and Kostler et al. (1968) found that deep roots penetrated to approximately 1.4 m depth, whilst the radial extent exceeded 9 m. Bark is grey, smooth in young trees; mature boles having pale orange-brown or pinkish-orange bark, broken into long scales which come away. Shoots are greenish-grey-brown, striated lengthwise with pale lenticels. Buds 8-10 mm, ovoid, with a few green scales, margin reddish, open with basal scales red and decurved. Leaves are simple, opposite, deciduous, with five unequally toothed pointed lobes at acute angles, nerves often pubescent, bases cordate, margins denticulate. They are dark green on top and glaucescent on the underside in young trees but yellowish on pink petioles in old trees. There is rarely any worthwhile colour in the autumn, but foliage may occasionally turn bright yellow. The leaves vary greatly in size and depth of lobe with tree age and shoot vigour. They are always borne on a long petiole, which does not emit milky sap when broken. Leaves open early, especially in shade, and lammas growth in July may emerge bright pink. Flowers are in terminal, hanging racemes 6-12 cm long, open mid-April and attracting hordes of bees. Each flower is monoecious, 4-6 mm pale green or yellowish, thin looking as petals are very short; stamens whitish, anthers bright yellow. Flowering occurs when the leaves are newly expanded. Fruits are di-samaras 5 cm long with wings set in a 'V' at about 90°; in clusters on short green stalks and appear abundantly when the tree is at least 20 years old.
Phytophages:
Rhytismatales: Rhytismataceae « Rhytisma acerinum (Pers.) Fr.
Rank Taxa
Genus «« Acer    
Species     Acer pseudoplatanus L. 1 12 21
Nested Taxa
Synonym Acer atropurpureum hort. ex Dippel    
Synonym Acer dittrichii Opiz    
Synonym Acer erythrocarpum hort. ex Dippel    
Synonym Acer euchlorum hort. ex Dippel    
Synonym Acer leopoldii hort. ex K.Koch    
Synonym Acer majus S.F.Gray    
Synonym Acer melliodorum Opiz    
Synonym Acer montanum Garsault    
Synonym Acer nebrodense Tineo ex Pax    
Synonym Acer opulifolium Thuill. ex Loud.    
Synonym Acer procerum Salisb.    
Synonym Acer purpureum hort. ex Dippel    
Synonym Acer quinquelobum Gilib.    
Synonym Acer rafinesquianum hort. ex Dippel    
Synonym Acer ramosum Schwerin    
Synonym Acer villosum C.Presl    
Synonym Acer worleei hort. ex Dippel    

Experts: Nadiya Sytschak: Plantae · Ekaterina Kalashnik: Plantae · marina_golivets: Plantae · leopolitanus: Plantae · Natalya Saidakhmedova: Plantae · Tatjana Sova: Plantae · marina_golivets: Tracheophyta

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